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Want to Have More Children, Know the Ideal Pregnancy Distance for Mother and Child


In having children, it is important to set the ideal pregnancy distance between one child and another. This condition is closely related to the health of both the child and the mother.

Deputy for Family Planning and Reproductive Health (KBKR) of the National Population and Family Planning Agency (BKKBN) Eni Gustina suggested that the ideal distance between pregnancies is at least three years from the birth of the previous child, in order to prevent stunting or failure to thrive in children.

“According to the results of existing research, we recommend a minimum of three years apart. So after three years, feel free to plan to get pregnant again,” Eni said some time as quoted by Antara.

According to Eni, the minimum pregnancy interval of three years aims to give time for the mother’s uterus to return to normal after giving birth to her previous child.

“Imagine, during pregnancy, the uterus from the size of a chicken egg can be up to five kilograms, filled with a baby weighing three kilograms, that’s an extraordinary development that occurs within a period of 270 days. From stretchy to normal again, it’s difficult. So recovery is needed. first. Please return the uterus until it is completely small,” explained Eni.

He added, when the mother’s womb has recovered and is really ready to get pregnant again, this will minimize the risk of stunting in the child she is carrying. In addition, it can also increase the intelligence of the older brother because he gets full care and attention from his mother at his golden age.

“So indeed spacing is very important to prevent stunting and very important to contribute to children’s intelligence,” added Eni.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist FKUI-RSCM Prof. Dr. dr. Dwiana Ocviyanti, SpOG(K), MPH added that a short pregnancy interval will interfere with the nutrition of pregnant women. This, according to him, is due to the condition of the mother who has not fully recovered after giving birth.

“The mother has not fully recovered, we can see that in those two years she is still breastfeeding, still has to take care of her child, she is still not getting enough sleep, because if you have a baby it is difficult to get enough sleep. This will have an impact on poor nutrition, this will certainly affect if she is forced to get pregnant again,” said Dwiana.

For this reason, Erni said that after giving birth, mothers are advised to take long-term family planning, at least three years to prevent pregnancies that are too close.

The post-delivery family planning options, said Erni, include condoms, pills, injectable contraceptives, implants, and intrauterine devices (IUD).

“We always remind couples of childbearing age to be able to use contraception ten minutes after the birth of the placenta, namely by using an IUD or installing a single rod implant. That’s what we recommend,” Erni said.

Currently, Erni said the BKKBN itself has issued a circular to strengthen family planning education after childbirth. The achievement of birth control is also targeted to increase by up to 70 percent.

“Because this will affect the reduction in stunting and will certainly have an impact on reducing maternal and infant mortality. Post-delivery family planning also allows mothers to recover after childbirth and give full attention to their children,” Erni explained.

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